El Fútbol en México es el deporte más popular, especialmente en el centro del país, el cual atrae a miles de aficionados.1
Está regulado por la Federación Mexicana de Fútbol (FEMEXFUT), institución afiliada a la Federación Internacional de Fútbol Asociación (FIFA) a través de la Confederación de Fútbol de Norte, Centroamérica y el Caribe (CONCACAF). El fútbol en México se juega en todas sus formas y niveles. En el ámbito institucional la FEMEXFUT cuenta a nivel profesional con la Primera División, la Liga de Ascenso, la Segunda División, la Tercera División y un Sector Amateur, siendo este último no profesional.

Los inicios del fútbol mexicano se remontan a finales del siglo XIX tras ser introducido por los británicos; durante sus primeros años fue practicado en su mayoría por extranjeros y mexicanos adinerados. El primer club fundado en México fue el Orizaba Athletic Club en 1898 como un club social y deportivo cuya actividad principal era el Cricket; sin embargo, se comenzó a practicar el fútbol en 1901.

En 1901 la compañía inglesa «Real del Monte» funda formalmente al Pachuca Athletic Club y un año más tarde, junto con Orizaba, Reforma, México Cricket y British, se organiza la primera competencia nacional de fútbol, que dio inicio el 19 de octubre de 1902 y cuyo campeón fue Orizaba. A pesar de que Orizaba fue fundado antes que Pachuca, se desconoce quien de los dos fue el primer club de fútbol, dado que ambas instituciones reclaman dicho mérito.

En 1907 llegó a México Sir Reginald Tower quien durante su instancia en nuestro país donó el trofeo de la Copa Tower, que más tarde se convertiría en la Copa México y cuyo primer campeón serían los Tuzos de Pachuca. A pesar del gran éxito que obtuvo la Liga del Distrito Federal, esta solo admitía equipo residentes en la Ciudad de México y alrededores, por lo que comenzaron a surgir otras ligas en los diferentes estados del país.

En 1908 se creó la Federación Deportiva de Occidente de Aficionados en Jalisco, misma que tendría tanto éxito que se convertiría en la primera liga mexicana en establecer divisiones, en esta liga participaron equipos de gran tradición como el Guadalajara y el Atlas.

En 1910 se funda el Club México que en la Temporada de 1912-1913 logró el campeonato de liga y tras el inicio de la Revolución se nacionalizó, jugando con puros mexicanos en su escuadra. Tras la llegada de los españoles Francisco Arias, Ramón Lanza, Pedro Batgay, Delio Bonet, Enrique Escalada y Francisco Gómez, se funda en 1912 el Real Club España que en marzo de ese mismo año ingresó a la liga y un año más tarde ganaría su primer campeonato.

El Real Club España se convirtió en el club más importante del fútbol mexicano durante sus primeros años, tras ganar 9 campeonatos entre 1913 y 1924 y recibir en 1917 el título de «Real» de manos del Rey de España, Alfonso XVIII, título recibido dos años antes que el Real Madrid. Con la incorporación de los españoles en el fútbol nacional, dicho deporte comenzó a difundirse con más fuerza en escuelas privadas, de donde se fundaría el América en 1916.

En 1921 se organizó el Campeonato del Centenario en conmemoración a la consumación de la independencia, en este torneo participaron 15 equipos; Germania, España, Asturias, América, México, Deportivo Internacional, Amicale Francaise, Luz y Fuerza del Centro y Morelos en la capital; y los foráneos Sporting de Veracruz, Iberia de Córdoba, ADO de Orizaba, Atlas y Guadalajara de Jalisco, y Pachuca de Hidalgo.
soccer

En 1927 se creó la Federación Mexicana de Fútbol la cual fue aceptada por FIFA como la máxima autoridad del fútbol mexicano esto a pesar de que existieron otras organizaciones que pidieron dicho reconocimiento. En 1930 la Selección de fútbol de México compitió en su primer torneo internacional, la Copa Mundial de Fútbol de 1930 en Uruguay. Los de casa quedarían campeones mientras México sería eliminado en la primera ronda quedando último.

Hasta 1950, los equipos que participaban en la liga eran invitados directamente por la Federación o bien solicitaban su ingreso, no obstante la popularidad del fútbol en México y el prestigio de la Federación Mexicana comenzó a crecer y los equipos interesados en participar en la liga incrementaron, por lo que tuvo que crearse la Segunda División siendo Zamora, Morelia, Toluca, Pachuca, Irapuato, Queretaro y Zacatepec, los equipos fundadores de la división; cuyo campeón ascendería a la Primera División ocupando el lugar del último lugar del torneo de primera.

En 1961 la FEMEXFUT se afilió a la Confederación de Fútbol Asociación de Norte, Centroamérica y el Caribe, con lo que comenzó a participar en los torneos internacionales organizados por dicha confederación:

En 1994 la Federación Mexicana de Fútbol crea la Primera División A, la cual se convirtió en la liga de segundo nivel profesional en México, desplazando al tercer puesto a la Segunda División y al cuarto a la Tercera División reespectivamente. Los equipos que inauguraron esta división fueron: Acapulco, Halcones de Aguascalientes, Atlético Celaya, Club Deportivo Irapuato, Reboceros de La Piedad, Club Deportivo Marte, Pachuca Club de Fútbol, Atlético San Francisco, Real San Luis, Caimanes de Tabasco, Coras de Tepic, Inter de Tijuana, Halcones de Querétaro, Atlético Yucatán y el Club Zacatepec, que fueron los fundadores de la rama. Cobras de Ciudad Juárez, que hubiese sido el equipo número 16, declinó participar debido a problemas económicos.

En el Apertura 2006, la Federación establece que los equipos participantes en Primera División, debían contar con equipos filiales en Primera A, por lo que los participantes en la liga se oncrementaron de 20 a 24 equipos. Para el Apertura 2009 la Primera A fue reemplazada por la Liga de Ascenso, que redujo el número de equipos a 17 y tomó un formato muy similar al de Primera División, con la excepción de que se eliminaron los grupos.

fútbol

En el 2007 la Federación creó la Super Liga Femenil, disputada por 24 equipos; la cual es la primera liga femenil profesional de fútbol disputada en México. Además se creó el Sector Aficionado con el objetivo de administrar el balompié a nivel no profesional o amateur y el cual organiza la Liga Nacional, la Liga Internacional y la Liga Femenil y las Ligas Sub 20 y Sub 17 en las cuales participan los equipos filiales de la Primera División, que no sobrepasen el límite de edad establecido.

El 10 de julio del 2011 la selección mexicana consiguió el título de la Copa del Mundo Sub 17, luego de imponerse 2-0 a Uruguay en el Estadio Azteca. México, por segunda ocasión en su historia, logró el título en una Copa del Mundo Sub 17.

El 11 de agosto del 2012 la selección mexicana consiguió su primer título olímpico, al vencer en la final 2-1 a Brasil en el estadio de Wembley en el certamen correspondiente a la edición del 2012 celebrado en Londres, Inglaterra. México terminó con la medalla de oro por primera vez en su historia dejando a Brasil con la presea de plata por tercera ocasión.

=[ Máximos Campeones ]=

del

=[ Primera División de México ]=

en

Fuente: http://www.taringa.net/posts/info/16836273/Conoce-la-Historia-del-Futbol-en-Mexico.html

 

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3507 COMENTARIOS

  1. Good morning This is a message, it is to inform, that the soccer players of international soccer, those are not real sport players, footballers that those are real international terrorists, those are soccer players are call donkeys of load, they carry cocaine and weapons and secret messages for terrorist inside the political governments, , And for those to be able to speak with international terrorists, those soccer players have all the parties arranged, for them to be able to commit crimes, in other of countries, the country of the United States of America should not practice soccer, because that is a sport for very Lazy and very persons, that is to fight and to use drug and to make criminal, those arrangement are to kill the sport spirit, those soccer player use the gay power, to wash themselves their trap, and to continue chroming, soccer is not a sport of intelligence is a sport for foolish lazy Bulgars, a sport for the communists.

  2. Buenos días este es un mensaje para las naciones unidas es para informarles que los futbolistas de soccer internacionales, no son futbolistas son verdaderos terroristas, son burritos de carga, ellos transportan cocaína y armas y mensajes secretos, para ellos poder hablar con terroristas internacionales tienen todos los partidos arreglados, para ellos poder cometer crímenes, en otros de países, que el país de los estados unidos de América no deben de practicar el futbol soccer, porque es un deporte para gente muy flojos y pelean con política, y drogas son criminales, ese deporte mata el espíritu deportista con tantas trampas, ellos usan el poder gay para lavarse de culpas y poder seguir crinando, que no es un deporte de inteligencia es un deporte de tontos y vulgares, es un deporte para el público comunista.

  3. Eso es ridículo. Los futbolistas mexicanos son gente muy respetable y sorprendente. Sin embargo, las mujeres no tienen derechos.

    • Estoy muy deacuerdo con la primara parte de tu comentario. Pero…Como que las mujeres no tenemos derechos ?! Todos somos iguales ante la ley y las mujeres tenemos los mismos derechos que los hombres. Me decepciona que gente siga pensando asi.

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